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Issue Date: 3-Feb-2016
Authors: Massimino, Simona
Title: Emotion Regulation And Personological Profile In Two Samples Of High-Risk Sports
Abstract: The present study examined the personological characteristics that define two groups of experienced sportspeople, skydivers and cavers, with the aim to identify the personality factors that may be good predictors of risk. Moreover, the present study examined whether and how the skydiving and caving, high-risk sports, can affect their control of emotions, anxiety and mood. To carry out the study, 23 skydivers and 34 cavers were asked to complete four questionnaires: Big Five Questionnaire-2, Profile of Mood States, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Forma-Y and Risk Taking Inventory. The results confirmed the role of conscientiousness and energy, as significant predictors for risk-taking in the skydivers. Data analysis also found that social desirability is negatively correlated with both state anxiety the total index of mood disorders, and is positively correlated with emotional control. In the group of cavers the significant role of conscientiousness is represented mainly by scrupulosity, in line with the characteristics of their activity. In addition, emerges the factor cooperativity: inside the caves is essential collaboration between the members of the group. Another aspect that appears to play a significant role is the Opening of Culture, which describes the tendency of the subjects to increase their knowledge, and that seems to be a predominant feature in the cavers. The Structural Equation Model (SEM) showed in both groups a significant correlation between the Big Five Questionnaire-2 (BFQ-2) and Precautionary behavior (PB), most significant in the group of skydivers, while the BFQ-2 did not affect DRT factor, i.e. the risk-taking propensity of subjects. In addition, SEM indicated in both samples the lack of a significant correlation between POMS (Profile of Mood States), and PB as well as DRT, the propensity to take risks. The model has also indicated that there is a small but significant relationship between BFQ-2 and POMS. In addition, the statistical comparison between the two groups have shown that, although both are defined high-risk sports, these are significant differences in some variables that may be predictors of the choice of a sport rather than the other. Future research should extend the study to other sports that involve a risk-taking in order to understand the reasons behind the decision to practice these sports and how people learn strategies of self-regulation in this domain.
Appears in Collections:Area 06 - Scienze mediche

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