ArchivIA Università degli Studi di Catania

ArchivIA - Archivio istituzionale dell'Universita' di Catania >
Tesi >
Tesi di dottorato >
Area 05 - Scienze biologiche >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2015
Authors: Traini, Enea
Title: Cholinergic enhancing strategies and brain neuroplasticity. From preclinical evidence to clinical applications.
Abstract: Cholinergic precursors have represented the first approach to counter cognitive impairment occurring in adultonset dementia disorders. In preclinical studies choline alphoscerate increases the release of acetylcholine in rat hippocampus, facilitates learning and memory in experimental animals, improves brain transduction mechanisms and decreases age-dependent structural changes occurring in rat brain areas involved in learning and memory. The compound exerts neuroprotective effects in models of altered cholinergic neurotransmission and of brain vascular injury. Some of our studies have also shown that combination of ChE-Is and the cholinergic precursor choline alphoscerate increases brain acetylcholine levels more effectively than single compounds alone. In clinical studies choline alphoscerate improved memory and attention impairment, as well as affective and somatic symptoms in dementia disorders. ASCOMALVA (Effect of association between a ChE-I and choline alphoscerate on cognitive deficits in AD associated with cerebrovascular injury) is a double-blind trial investigating if the ChE-I donepezil and choline alphoscerate in combination are more effective that donepezil alone. Over the 24-month observation period, patients of the reference group showed a moderate time-dependent worsening in all the parameters investigated. Treatment with donepezil plus choline alphoscerate significantly slowed changes of the in cognitive and functional items and an improvement in behavioural parameters, mainly apathy, superior to that induced by donepezil alone. It is suggested that this association may represent a therapeutic option to prolong beneficial effects of cholinergic therapies in Alzheimer's disease patients with concomitant ischemic cerebrovascular disorders. In summary, choline alphoscerate has significant effects on cognitive function with a good safety profile and tolerability. Although limited both in terms of size of the samples investigated and of the length of treatment, preclinical and clinical results presented suggest that cognitive enhancing capabilities of choline alphoscerate merit of being further investigated in appropriate trials.
Appears in Collections:Area 05 - Scienze biologiche

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormatVisibility
TRNNEE75M09H321Y-Tesi dottorato - Traini.pdfTesi dottorato Traini3,85 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in ArchivIA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Share this record




Stumble it!



  Browser supportati Firefox 3+, Internet Explorer 7+, Google Chrome, Safari

ICT Support, development & maintenance are provided by the AePIC team @ CILEA. Powered on DSpace Software.